Anno di corso: 1

Anno di corso: 2

Crediti: 6
Crediti: 6
Crediti: 12
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 11
Tipo: Lingua/Prova Finale
Crediti: 30
Tipo: Altro

PROCESSI A BASSO IMPATTO AMBIENTALE

Scheda dell'insegnamento

Anno accademico di regolamento: 
2017/2018
Anno di corso: 
2
Anno accademico di erogazione: 
2018/2019
Tipo di attività: 
Obbligatorio a scelta
Lingua: 
Inglese
Crediti: 
6
Ciclo: 
Secondo Semestre
Ore di attivita' didattica: 
48
Prerequisiti: 

Basic knowledge of Chemistry and Biology

Moduli

Metodi di valutazione

Tipo di esame: 
Orale
Modalita' di verifica dell'apprendimento: 

Oral examination mark range 18-30/30 The questions during oral examination verify the knowledge about the development of green-chemistry concept, also using case-study, with particulary attention about the biorefinery concept.

Valutazione: 
Voto Finale

Obiettivi formativi

The course aims to provide the knowledge and methodological basis to define a process with low environmental impact. The course will then focus on some chemical processes that can currently be defined as having a low environmental impact.

Knowledge and ability

At the end of the course the student knows

What are the main parameters to be evaluated to define a process with a low environmental impact
The correct definitions of green-chemistry and circular economy
The scientific issues to move from the oil-based economy to the green economy.
Knowledge and understanding skills applied

The green-chemistry concepts learned in the course are applicable to all current production processes and form the basis of sustainable development according to the 2030 UN Agenda

Autonomy of judgment

The student is able to correctly evaluate the environmental compatibility of a process and to evaluate if there are processes that concern the circular or non - circular economy.

Communication skills

Be able to use also with examples concepts and definitions such as green chemistry, biorefinery, renewable sources, biodegradable materials, life cicle assesment.

Contenuti

Environmental sustainable chemical processes definitions and applications. Biorefinery concept Green Chemistry approach. Carbon economy approach. Green Chemistry approach: alternative feedstocks and starting materials, alternative synthesis and reagents, alternative reaction conditions. Biorefinery: biomass utilisation, white biotechnology, biofuel. Carbon economy: application of the concept. Important Case History

Programma esteso

Evolution of low environmental synthesis from 50 to 90 with examples

Twelve green chemistry rules Evolution of green chemistry paradigm Carbon economy concept

The renewable resources description with particular emphasis about lignocellulosic materials

Evolution of pulp and paper industry evaluated under the enviromental point of view

Recycle and reuse ( advanteges and problems )

Synthesis of new materials (biodegradable and not biodegradable )starting from renewable resources with low environmental impact processes

Bulk and surface modifications

Evaluation method for enviromental friendly process by LCA ( Life Cicle Assesment )

Chemicals synthesis starting from renewable resources with low environmental impact processes

Biorefinery concept with examples and applications in Italy and Europe

Integration of biorefinery idea in the circular economy concept

Bibliografia consigliata

Chapters book from Green Chemistry Theory and Practice PT Anastas 1998 Oxfod University Press, Introduzione alla Chimica Ambientale Bruno Rindone Città Studi Edizioni, 1996.

Scientific Articles

Modalità di erogazione

Convenzionale

Metodi didattici

Lessons, 6 credits