MATERIALS AND DEVICES FOR ENERGY ENGINEERING
Main Chemical and Materials Science topics in 1st cycle bachelor degree programs
Oral examination is the assessment method employed to check the level of understanding of the concepts taught during the course. Questions will ask to the student regarding all the topic treated during the course. A mark will be proposed to the student expressed in thirtieths. The exam is passed with a minimum mark of 18/30
To introduce students to main topics, materials, and devices related to renewable sources for energy, with focus on energy from Sun
Description of the operating principles of a photovoltaic cell and of the properties of the main absorbing materials and photovoltaic devices currently on the market or in research and development stage
Main photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical processes for the generation of solar fuels from water and sunlight (artificial photosynthesis)
Energy: General Introduction and renewable energy. An overview.
Photovoltaic devices: photovoltaic parameters, operational principles, limits.
Classes of materials and photovoltaic devices:
- single and multi-crystalline silicon solar cells
- inorganic thin film cells (amorphous silicon , CdTe and CIGS solar cells)
- concentration solar cells , multi-junction, quantum dots and advanced design cells
- organic and hybrid solar cells (dye-sensitized solar cells, organic-polymeric solar cells, peroskite solar cells)
Materials and devices for production of solar fuels through artificial photosynthesis
Laboratory experiences are carried out in the MIBSOLAR laboratory.
The procedure for depositing the metal films and transparent oxides necessary for the finalization of the solar cells will be shown
The current / voltage (I-V) characterization methodology of inorganic and organic solar cells is explained and applied by student.
The methodology for measuring the external and internal quantum efficiency of inorganic and organic solar cells is explained and applied by students.
The preparation and characterization of photovoltaic cells based on organic and hybrid materials is shown, highlighting the various steps with the description of the materials, instrumentation and procedures used. The instrumentation for the production of solar fuels (photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical cells: preparation and characterization) through artificial photosynthesis processes is also described“
Antonio Luque,Steven Hegedus “ Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering”, 2nd edition 2011 John and Wiley & Sons;
N. Armaroli, V. Balzani “Energy for a Sustainable World”, Wiley-VCH 2011.
K. Kalyanasundaram “Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells”, EPFL Press- CRC Press, 2010
Lectures in the classroom and laboratory practise at MIBSOLAR center of University of Milano Bicocca