Anno di corso: 1

Anno di corso: 2

Crediti: 6
Crediti: 12
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 6
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 12
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 28
Tipo: Lingua/Prova Finale
Crediti: 4
Tipo: Altro


Scheda dell'insegnamento

Anno accademico di regolamento: 
Anno di corso: 
Anno accademico di erogazione: 
Tipo di attività: 
Obbligatorio a scelta
Primo Semestre
Ore di attivita' didattica: 

Fundamentals of Marine Biology, Ecology and Physical geography. General Palaeontology is also suggested


Metodi di valutazione

Modalita' di verifica dell'apprendimento: 

Assessment method

Written and Oral examination

Written: 20 questions to be briefly answered in 90 minutes.

Each answer is given a mark. No answer counts 0. Final mark is the mean.

The first question, exclusively for the students of Geological Sciences who select this course, is aimed at assessing their knowledge of the main subdivision of the geological time. A negative result for this first question corresponds to immediate rejection.

Oral: questions about the written results.

The final mark is composed by the written+oral marks plus up to 1 point for the practicals.

Marks are given as n/30. Minimum positive value is 18/30

Voto Finale

Obiettivi formativi

To provide the main concepts for understanding the interactions and the coevolution of biosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere.

To acquire the conceptual and operative knowledge for the study and interpretation of the modern marine environments and their reconstruction in the geological record, including the recent past.


Coevolution of geosphere and biosphere, principles of biomineralization, biogenic carbonates, bioconstruction and habitat engineers, sediments and benthos, benthic zonation, introductory biogeochemistry and proxy data in natural archives, past and ongoing global changes

Programma esteso

etailed program
Lessons: The benthos in the geologic history. Extinctions and major events in the Earth history. The appearance of organic calcification and the biomineralization. Photosynthesis and chemosynthesis. Ocean chemistry and biomineralization. The evolution of biogenic builders in the Phanerozoic. The modern bioconstruction: structures, biological associations, ecological factors of control and distribution. Habitat engineers. Diagnosis, significance and distribution of the major benthic associations and related sediments. Benthic zonation in the present-day oceans as key to understand the geological record. The benthos in the geomorphology and evolution of carbonate platforms. Biocoenoses, communities, associations and interpretation of fossil assemblages on the basis of the biostratinomic processes. The chemical environment at the water-sediment interface. Identification and interpretation of the most important ichnofacies. Biogeochemical proxies and natural archives. The ongoing global change and the geobiological feed-back.

Laboratory. Geobiological analyses of carbonate sediments and fossil–bearing material and their interpretation.

Bibliografia consigliata

Textbook and teaching resource

The lectures and some suggested readings will be provided by the teacher.

Useful books: Fundamentals of Geobiology, Knoll et al (Eds) ISBN 978-1-4051-8752-7

Metodi didattici

Teaching form

Lessons: 5 credits

Tutorials: 1 credit