Fundamental knowledge of organic chemistry and physical chemistry.
The exam consists of the evaluation of the knowledge acquired by the student in the field of chemistry of macromolecules, with particular attention to the synthetic methods, the structure and properties of polymers.
Learning of the basic concepts about the structure, synthesis and functionalization of polymers.
The course will focus on fundamental and advanced aspects of the structure and synthesis of macromolecules
Structure and stereochemistry of macromolecules. Molecular mass distribution.
Step-wise polymerization: Molecular mass as a function of the conversion and monomer stoichiometry. Flory distribution for polycondensation. Polyfunctional monomers, mass distribution and cross-linking. Case studies of polycondensation polymers.
Chain polymerization: chemistry of the radical process. Chain-transfer polymerization: degree of polymerization according to Mayo theory.
Kinetics and thermodynamics of propagation. Copolymerization, diagrams, feed/composition diagrams and reactivity ratios.
Living anionic polymerization, block copolymers and functionalized polymers. Cationic polymerization.
Homogeneous and heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta polymerization: reaction mechanism, catalyst symmetry and stereochemical control.
Condensed information will be given on the properties of polymers in the bulk state and in solution such as amorphous and crystalline phases, viscosity ect.
Textbook of Polymer Science (III edition) F.W.Billmeyer, Wiley