APPLIED PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY WITH LABORATORY
Standard physic and mathematic knowledge , thermodynamic and kinetic of chemical systems
Oral exam to verify the student knowledge about the fundamental concepts and their applications.
For each lab experiences, the students will prepare a scientific paper which will be judged regarding the internal coherence, the scientific correctness and the quality of the results.
The final score will be the weighted average of the two scores
Aims of the lectures (5 CFU) are to supply the student with base knowledge about the physical chemistry of ionic conductors and the electrochemistry and its application in the energy conversion by electrochemical devices and in corrosion and protection of metals.
The lab part (3 CFU) is devoted to the characterization of materials and eletrodes for secondary batteries and electrochromic applications. In the lab will be used FT-IR, XRPD, electrochemical and spectroelectrochemial techniques.
Ionics and Electrodics. Batteries and Corrosion. Lab. experiences.
Fundamental aspects, development and the relation of electrochemistry to other sciences. Ionic conductors: ion-solvent interaction, ion-ion interaction and Debye-Hückel theory; diffusion, migration and conductivity; solid state electrolytes, polymer electrolytes.
Fundamentals of Electrodics: electrochemical potential, double-layer theories and adsorption phenomena; electrochemical thermodynamics and Nernst low, electrode types.
Electrodics: electron transfer at the interface and overpotential, charge transfer overpotential, exchange current, symmetry factor, Butler Volmer equation and Tafel low, diffusion overpotential and limiting current, other kinds of overpotential.
Electrochemical conversion of chemical energy in electrical energy: batteries and fuel cells. Thermodynamics and kinetic of corrosion, galvanic elements in short circuit, corrosion prevention.
1) Structural and electrochemical characterization of materials for secondary lithium ion batteries,
2) Preparation and characterization of organic semiconductors,
3) Determination of oxygen impurities in silicon wafers,
4) Corrosion of 304 stainless steel in acidic solutions.
Teacher's slides and slected chapters from the following books:
Bockris Reddy, Modern Electrochemistry 1 – Ionics (second edition) chapters 2,3,4
Bockris Reddy Gamboa-Aldeco, Modern Electrochemistry 2A – Fundamental of Electrodics (second edition), chapters 6,7
Bard Faulkner: Electrochemical Methods, Fundamental and Applications (2° Edition), chapters 3,4
Selected scientific papers
Lectures (5 CFU), lab experiences (3 CFU) in group of 3 to 5 students.