Anno di corso: 1

Anno di corso: 2

Crediti: 6
Crediti: 6
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 12
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 12
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 6
Tipo: A scelta dello studente
Crediti: 28
Tipo: Lingua/Prova Finale
Crediti: 4
Tipo: Altro

MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY

Scheda dell'insegnamento

Anno accademico di regolamento: 
2019/2020
Anno di corso: 
1
Anno accademico di erogazione: 
2019/2020
Tipo di attività: 
Obbligatorio a scelta
Lingua: 
Inglese
Crediti: 
6
Ciclo: 
Primo Semestre
Ore di attivita' didattica: 
47
Prerequisiti: 

Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of microbiology

Moduli

Metodi di valutazione

Modalita' di verifica dell'apprendimento: 

Assessment method
The acquired knowledge about environmental microbiology concepts applied to marine environments will be tested by an oral exam. A report about laboratory activities will allow testing the bioinformatic competencies applied to environmental microbiology.

Valutazione: 
Voto Finale

Obiettivi formativi

Aims
The course aims to provide in-depth knowledge on the the microbial communities in marine environments. 1. Knowledge and understanding. At the end of the course the student must know: the main microbial populations inhabiting the marine habitats; the impact of microbial metabolism on geochemistry of marine environments; the interaction between marine microorganisms and other organisms; the characterization and monitoring methods of microbial communities. 2. Applying knowledge and understanding. At the end of the course the student must be able to apply the knowledge acquired during the course to real cases to evaluate the impact a certain disturbance (human impact, climate change,...) on marine microbial metabolisms and its possible consequences 3. Making judgments. The student must be able to critically read scientific papers about marine microbiology. 4. Communication skills. At the end of the course the student will be able to describe appropriately the topics studied using the correct specific vocabulary. 5. Learning skills. At the end of the course the student will be able to consult the literature on the topics covered and autonomously integrate the knowledge acquired with others related to marine sciences, with a multidisciplinary approach.

Contenuti

Contents
1. Microbial metabolisms and diversity in marine environments: diversity of bacteria and archea in marine environments, metabolic diversity of microbes in marine environments

2. Roles of microbes in ocean processes

3. Techniques for the characterization of microbial communities in marine environments

4. Microbial marine habitats

5. Microbial aspects of environmental issues in marine environments

Programma esteso

Detailed program
1. Microbial metabolisms and diversity in marine environments: diversity of bacteria and archea in marine environments, metabolic diversity of microbes in marine environments

- Microbial molecular phylogeny

- Phototrophy

- Microbial respiration

- Main microorganisms in marine environmet

2. Roles of microbes in ocean processes:

- Carbon cycle

- Sulfur cycle

- Iron cycle

3. Techniques for the characterization of microbial communities in marine environments

- Phylogenetic markers

- Libraries of gene 16S rRNA

- Metagenomics

- Microscope analyses

4. Microbial marine habitats

- Coastal environments

- Open ocean

- Cold seeps

- Hydrothermal vents

5. Microbial aspects of environmental issues in marine environments:

- Aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons

- Biological treatments of contaminated sediments

6. Bioinformatic analysis of metagenomic data for microbial community characterization

Bibliografia consigliata

Textbook and teaching resource
1. “Marine Microbiology: ecology and applications” (2011), 2nd edition di Colin Munn. GS, New York

1. “Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation” (2006) di P. J. J. Alvarez, W. A. Illman. Ed Wiley $ Sons, New Jersey

2. “Brock - Biology of Microorganisms” (2007) di M. T. Madigan, J. M. Martinko Brock. Ed. CEA Milano.

4. “Molecular Microbial Ecology”. Ed. A.M. Osborn, C. J. Smith (2005) Taylor & Francis Group – New York NY

Scientific articles provided by the teacher

Metodi didattici

Teaching form
Lessons, Seminars: 5 credits (35 hours)

Bioinformatic laboratory: 1 credit (12 hours)