INTERNATIONAL LAW OF THE SEA AND MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
The exam consists of one question cast by ballot among a list of questions previously circulated through the students' e-mailing list. The list of questions covers the entire programme of the course and, therefore, students are expected to be able to expound all topics addressed in class.
The exam takes into account the following elements:
- knowledge of the substance;
- consistency and completeness in the exposition;
- correct use of legal terminology;
- ability to express oneself in a clear and concise manner.
The grade is not subject to discussion or negotiation.
The student may decide to withdraw from the exam before or immediately after the grade has been stated.
The aim is to provide students who have a scientific background with some basic knowledge of the international legal regime that presently applies to marine spaces, with particular emphasis on the protection of the marine environment.
The legal regime of the seas at the world basis, as resulting from the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
A regional system for the protection of the marine environment, as resulting from the 1976-1995 Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean.
1. The international legal dimension of the sea under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (Montego, 1982):
- internal maritime waters;
- territorial sea;
- exclusive economic zone;
- high seas;
- seabed beyond national jurisdiction as common heritage of mankind.
2. Maritime boundaries;
3. The protection of the marine environment (ecosystems and species):
- pollution from ships;
- pollution from land-based sources;
- pollution from dumping;
- pollution from mineral exploitation activities on the seabed;
- the establishmebnt of marine protected areas.
4. Regional co-operation in the Mediterranean Sea:
- the Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean and its Protocols;
- the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the Contiguous Atlantic Area;
- the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean.
Textbooks and Reading Materials
A number of papers and the relevant legal texts are collected in a syllabus that is distributed to the students
Oral classes with active involvement of the studens who are requested to analize and comment the relevant legal instruments