FUNDAMENTALS OF MARINE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
Fundamentals of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
Oral examination focused on:
- Discussion on a submarine thematic map or a seismic profile or a graphic elaboration obtained from the use of marine acoustic geophysical device, in order to evaluate the level of learning on seafloor exploration and survey techniques.
- Report on an in-depth analysis of a topic not covered in class, based on the reading of a research paper
- discussion on at least two topics covered in class concerning geomorphic processes in coastal and submarine setting.
Provide knowledge on the processes that form and shape coastal and submarine landforms, controlling their short-term and llong-term evolution through time. Provide a basic knowledge about seafloor mapping techniques and methods for submarine geomorphological mapping.
- Data and methods in Marine Geomorphology. Seafloor mapping, seafloor sampling and visual surveys: tools and survey design.
- Coastal landforms and processes. Beach and nearshore systems, coastal sand dunes, delta and estuaries, barrier systems. Rocky coasts and coral reefs.
- Submarine landforms and processes. Drivers of seafloor geomorphic change in submarine environment (tectonic, sedimentology, oceanography and biology). Continental shelf landforms, submarine landslides, submarine canyons and gullies, channel and fans, contouritic drifts, oceanic islands and seamounts, mid-ocean ridges, fluid-escape features, abyssal hills and plains, trenches, bioconstructions
Frontal lectures (4 CFU - 28 hours):
Introduction: Marine Phyisical Geography, Oceanography and Marine Geomorphology.
Research methods in submarine geomorphology. Seafloor mapping, seafloor sampling and visual surveys: tools and survey design
Geomorphology of the ocean seafloor. A global map of the ocean seafloor and classification of large-scale submarine landforms (continetal margins, oceanic islands and seamounts, mid-ocean ridges, abyssal hills and plains, trenches).
Drivers of seafloor geomorhpic changes in submarine environments. Winds and ocean circulation (effects on coastal and submarine landforms). Waves and tides. Sea-level changes (geomorphological indicators). Submarine sedimentary processes, environments and landforms: Continental shelf landforms, Contourites, sediment waves and bedforms, resedimentation processes, submarine slides, submarine canyons and gullies, channel and fans. fluid escape features.
Coastal systems: terminolgies and classification of coastal systems. Delta, estuaries and beaches. Rocky coasts and coral reefs.
Laboratory lectures (2 CFU - 24 hours):
Submarine geomorphological mapping: techniques and methods for data acquisition and processing
Textbook and teaching resource
Alan P. Trujillo & Harold V. Thurman. Essential of Oceanography. Pearson
Micallef A., Krastel S., Savini A. Submarine Geomorphology. Springer
D.A.V. Stow, H.G. Reading, Collinson J.D – Deep Seas. In: H.G. Reading, Sedimentary environment: Processes, Facies and Stratigraphy (Cap. 10). Blackwell Science.
NC Mithcell. Submarine Geomorphology. Elsevier
G. Masselink & Hughes M.G. An introduction to coastal processes and geomorphology. Cambridge
A selection of scientific journal articles will be provided by the teachers.
- Lessons: 4 credits
- Tutorials: 2 credits