Dottorato in Fisica e Astronomia - Attività didattica

Lattice gauge theory
Teacher Prof. Leonardo Giusti (University Milano-Bicocca) 
Language English
CFU  2
Hours  16
Program  - Lattice as a non-perturbative regulator of quantum field theories:
              -Wilson gluonic action
              -Fermions on a lattice
              -Doubling problem
              -Nielsen-Ninomiya theorem
              -Wilson action
              -Neuberger action
  - Lattice QCD:
             -Non-perturbative renormalization
             -Dimensional transmutation          
             -Spontaneous symmetry breaking         
             -Chiral anomaly          
             -Confinement
  -Review of applications to flavour physics:
             -Computation of hadron masses and matrix elements
             -Matrix elements for leptonic decays: F_pi, F_K, F_D, F_Ds, F_B,  
               F_Bs, …
             -Matrix elements of the DS=2 and DB=2 effective weak Hamiltonian
              in the Standard Model and beyond
             -Form factors for semileptonic decays
Evaluation YES
Calendar January-March 2020
Higgs boson physics: from discovery to precision
Teacher  Dott. Roberto Salerno, LLR Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet of the École Polytechnique, Paris
Language English
CFU  2
Hours  16
Program  With the discovery of the Higgs boson announced on July the 4th 2012, the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations found the long-sought missing piece of the Standard Model of elementary particles, attaining one of the main objectives of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with a dataset far smaller than initially estimated. 
  Soon after, thanks to a multitude of analysis channels, high luminosity and sophisticated data mining techniques the Higgs quest became a vast campaign of precision measurements, that will be fully deployed during the forthcoming data taking campaign of the LHC.
  In this course, the theoretical motivations and the experimental challenges of the discovery will be presented, followed by the prospects of the Higgs physics for the years to come, and its role in the falsification of the Standard Model.
Evaluation YES
Calendar 6, 7, 8, 9 April, 2020
Physics of Galaxy Clusters
Teacher  Prof. Sabrina De Grandi - INAF- Osservatorio di Brera
Language English
CFU  1
Hours  8
Program  Typical scales: dimensions, clusters definitions
  Redshift surveys and Hubble law
  Large scale structures, observations and simulations
  Motivation for the study of galaxy clusters 
  Morphology and density of galaxies 
  Clusters in the optical band, virial theorem, measurements of total mass 
  Clusters in the X band, physical properties, measurements of total mass
  Gravitational lenses 
  Cool-core clusters, cooling flow, Agn feedback, turbulence and viscosity 
  Merger of clusters, bullet cluster, cold fronts, sloshing of gas
  Clusters in the radio band, halos, mini-halos, relics
  The Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect 
  Cosmology galaxy clusters 
Evaluation YES
Calendar March 2020
Semiconductor trip: from a simple idea to a complex manufacturing
Teacher  Several teachers from the company STMicroelectronics (Agrate Brianza, Italy)
Language Italian
CFU  2, it is a cross-curricular course in collaboration with the Phd program in Physics and Astronomy
Hours  24
Program  The intent of the course is to give a general overview of the complex mechanism that, starting from a simple idea, leads to the manufacturing of a microelectronic device. The environment of a big company as STMicroelectronics will be presented as well as the fundamentals steps of the manufacturing path. During the course, the importance of the research and development and the value of the knowledge will be discussed in the frame of the willingness of a corporate social responsibility. 
  Applications, technology and manufacturing steps of  Micro Electro- Mechanical Systems (MEMS) will be discussed.
Evaluation YES
Calendar 11-15 May 2020
C++ advanced topics
Teacher  Dott. Dario Menasce - INFN- Sezione di Milano Bicocca
Language English
CFU  2
Hours  20
Program  Introduction to compiled languages 
  The C++ compiler 
  Pointers & References 
  Stack and heap                       (memory management) 
  The concept of "scope"         (memory management)
  Classes 
  Exception handling 
  Casting (static, dynamic) 
  Operator overloading 
  The singleton pattern 
  Namespace
  Generic programming 
  Advanced features 
Evaluation YES
Calendar January-March 2020
Introduction to Experimental Cosmology
Teacher  Dott. Federico Nati, Department of Physics, University of Milano Bicocca
Language English
CFU  1
Hours  10
Program  I will give a primer on the experimental methods that led us to the current understanding of the Universe at large scales through the Cosmic Microwave Background observations, including the physics and the measurements of the foreground signals, in particular the ones coming from our own Galaxy. 
  The course will focus on the most recent results, also describing the projects and technologies involved in the quest for the discovery of the Inflationary Gravitational Waves as imprints in the Cosmic Microwave Background polarization patterns. 
  Il will give an overview of the most advanced telescopes installed on the ground, on stratospheric balloons, and satellites.
  I will also show the use of state-of-the-art tools for simulations and data analysis.
Evaluation YES
Calendar April-May 2020
Approfondimenti di fisica del plasma: introduzione alla descrizione fluida e cinetica della microturbolenza
Teacher Dott. Alberto Mariani, Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologia del plasma (ISTP)-CNR, Via R. Cozzi 53 Milano
  mariani@ifp.cnr.it
Language Italian/English
CFU  2
Hours  16
Program  Il corso si propone di introdurre le principali instabilità che governano la microturbolenza alle scale ioniche in plasmi di interesse per la fusione termonucleare controllata. Tale argomento è alla base del modelling del trasporto di calore, particelle e momento nei tokamak, essenziale per permettere di raggiungere le condizioni di fusione. In particolare, la drift wave e gli ion temperature gradient (ITG) modes verranno trattati in dettaglio, sviluppando competenze nell’analisi di onde che si propagano in plasmi non omogenei.
  -  Introduzione al modelling del trasporto di calore e particelle in plasmi da fusione; Microturbolenza e instabilità di plasma alle scale ioniche ed elettroniche;
  -  Richiamo sui moti di drift di particelle in compi di forza esterni o soggetti a gradiente di pressione (drift diamagnetico);
  -  Trattazione cinetica delle instabilità: relazione di dispersione in geometria slab (stato di equilibrio, soluzione dell’equazione di Vlasov linearizzata, calcolo della funzione dielettrica);
  -  Instabilità ‘drift wave’ (modello a due fluidi, trattazione cinetica);
  -  Ion temperature gradient (ITG) modes (modello a due fluidi, trattazione cinetica);
  -  Breve introduzione a fenomeni di interesse al di fuori dell’ambito della fusione nucleare: ‘Modello di Parker del vento        solare’, ‘Laser wakefield acceleration’ (utilizzo delle proprietà delle onde nei plasmi per produrre fasci di elettroni di decine di GeV con pochi centimetri di accelerazione) e ‘magneto-rotational instability’ (MRI, instabilità di plasma che si riscontra tipicamente in sistemi astrofisici a simmetria cilindrica che si trovano in uno stato di rotazione differenziale in presenza di campo magnetico, come ad esempio i dischi di accrescimento); 
Evaluation YES
Calendar February  2020
Introduction to Python language
Teacher  Dott. Fabio Farina – Consorzio GARR
Language English
CFU  1
Hours  10
Program  1.
  Python characteristics and its Zen
  Interactive shell and scripting. Basic grammar elements, indentation, comments, variables, elementary data types and casting lists, slicing, nested lists, operations on lists truthiness and falseness control flow: if, elif, else, for loops, range, break, continue, while loops, console and file I/O
  2.
  Functions, variable scopes, positional and keyword arguments, defaults arguments, return values. More on data structures: dictionaries, tuples, sets and comprehensions. Modules, imports and a tour of the standard library. Functional programming, lambda, iterators and generators
  3.
  Jupyter Notebook and the SWAN environment. Object oriented programming
  Classes, instances, inheritance, exceptions (try, except, else, finally,assert). Visibility, isinstance, id, variables as pointers, dir(), locals(), duck typing, is vs.
  4.
  On real pythonic use-cases – part 1
  The essential tools for today scientific computing with Python. NumPy, Scikit, Matplotlib
  5.
  On real pythonic use-cases – part 2
  More real Python code analysis and patching for scientific applications
Evaluation YES
Calendar 13,19,20 December  
  9,16 January 
a cura di Scuola di dottorato, ultimo aggiornamento il 05/12/2019